ParaHydrogen

References

Equation of State

J.W. Leachman, R.T. Jacobsen, S.G. Penoncello, and E.W. Lemmon. Fundamental Equations of State for Parahydrogen, Normal Hydrogen, and Orthohydrogen. J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 38(3):721–748, 2009. doi:10.1063/1.3160306.

Thermal Conductivity

M. J. Assael, J.-A. M. Assael, M. L. Huber, R. A. Perkins, and Y. Takata. Correlation of the Thermal Conductivity of Normal and Parahydrogen from the Triple Point to 1000 K and up to 100 MPa. J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 40(3):033101–1:13, 2011. doi:10.1063/1.3606499.

Melting Line

Ben A Younglove. Thermophysical properties of fluids. I. Argon, ethylene, parahydrogen, nitrogen, nitrogen trifluoride, and oxygen. Technical Report, DTIC Document, 1982.

Surface Tension

A. Mulero, I. Cachadiña, and M. I. Parra. Recommended Correlations for the Surface Tension of Common Fluids. J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 41(4):043105–1:13, 2012. doi:10.1063/1.4768782.

Aliases

Parahydrogen, parahydrogen, PARAHYDROGEN, PARAHYD

Fluid Information

Parameter, Value  
General  
Molar mass [kg/mol] 0.00201588
CAS number 1333-74-0p
ASHRAE class UNKNOWN
Formula \(N/A\)
Acentric factor -0.219
InChI N/A
InChIKey N/A
SMILES N/A
ChemSpider ID -1
2D image fluid_properties/fluids/N/A
Limits  
Maximum temperature [K] 1000.0
Maximum pressure [Pa] 2000000000.0
Triple point  
Triple point temperature [K] 13.8033
Triple point pressure [Pa] 7041.0867515
Critical point  
Critical point temperature [K] 32.938
Critical point density [kg/m3] 31.32274344
Critical point density [mol/m3] 15538.0
Critical point pressure [Pa] 1285800.0
   

REFPROP Validation Data

Note

This figure compares the results generated from CoolProp and those generated from REFPROP. They are all results obtained in the form \(Y(T,\rho)\), where \(Y\) is the parameter of interest and which for all EOS is a direct evaluation of the EOS

You can download the script that generated the following figure here: (link to script), right-click the link and then save as... or the equivalent in your browser. You can also download this figure as a PDF.

../../_images/ParaHydrogen.png

Consistency Plots

The following figure shows all the flash routines that are available for this fluid. A red + is a failure of the flash routine, a black dot is a success. Hopefully you will only see black dots. The red curve is the maximum temperature curve, and the blue curve is the melting line if one is available for the fluid.

In this figure, we start off with a state point given by T,P and then we calculate each of the other possible output pairs in turn, and then try to re-calculate T,P from the new input pair. If we don’t arrive back at the original T,P values, there is a problem in the flash routine in CoolProp. For more information on how these figures were generated, see CoolProp.Plots.ConsistencyPlots

Note

You can download the script that generated the following figure here: (link to script), right-click the link and then save as... or the equivalent in your browser. You can also download this figure as a PDF.

../../_images/ParaHydrogen1.png